Prevalence of selected substance abuse behaviors among eighth and ninth grade secondary students attending public schools in a central region of El Salvador by socio-demographic characteristics, 1999.View Article PubMed Google Scholar Wade TJ, Cairney J, Pevalin DJ: Emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence: national panel results from three countries.The questionnaire was administered in classrooms according to standardized data collection procedures by a team comprising a technician from the National Training Center of the Ministry of Education of El Salvador, a Salvadoran university student, and the principal investigator (AS).Urban females were 2.55 times as likely to report having been hit or physically hurt by partner in the past 12 months as rural females (95% CI: 1.03, 6.50).Descriptive epidemiology seeks to summarize conditions based on person, place, and time by analyzing disease (or other outcomes of exposure) patterns.
The purpose of the study is descriptive, often in the form of a survey.
Distinguishing Between Descriptive & Causal Studies | SynonymWhile comparisons of adolescent health risk behavior prevalence between Latin American countries are challenging due to the use of different measures, distinct age distributions, and the small but growing number of studies, selected studies from Latin America with similar age groups may provide insights into the magnitude of prevalence of specific risk behaviors examined in this study.
Bias in Research Studies | RadiologyFactor Sample Size Felt sad or hopeless every day for 2 weeks in a row c.Geographic location of school (rural vs. urban) was determined according to school classifications from the Ministry of Education of El Salvador.A statistical study to identify patterns or trends in a situation, but not the causal linkages among its different elements.
Types of Research within Qualitative and Quantitative
DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH DESIGNS Sole Purpose: to describe a behavior or type of subject not to look for any specific relationships, nor to correlate 2 or more variables.Descriptive research can be explained as a statement of affairs as they are at present with the researcher having no control over variable.
Project MUSE - Evaluation Research: An OverviewOverall, urban students were significantly more likely than rural students to report the majority of risk behaviors related to aggression, depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation, and substance use.
Descriptive epidemiology | definition of descriptiveDescriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound -- they.By continuing to use this website, you agree to our Terms and Conditions, Privacy.
Descriptive Decision Studies of the Societal Impact of
View Article PubMed Google Scholar Berganza CE, Aguilar G: Depression in Guatemalan adolescents.First intercourse age 13 No condom use at last sexual intercourse Had been pregnant or gotten someone pregnant Factor n % (CI) c.Once descriptive statistics for the personal information have been calculated, then it is time to move onto the variables under study.Descriptive studies are also called observational, because you observe the subjects without otherwise intervening.Descriptive non-experimental studies may also be called observational.Case studies, surveys, naturalistic observation, and laboratory observation are examples of descriptive or correlational research methods.
The opportunity to integrate the qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection.Descriptive studies (such as a cross-sectional study) help in generating hypothesis on which further research may be based.
Supplement for Chapter 14 Qualitative Descriptive StudiesFormal qualitative research is needed to fully understand premarital sexual behavior in El Salvador.The risk behavior study items were reviewed for content and appropriateness within the Salvadoran context by national-level Ministry of Education officials.
Descriptive Study - a study in which your primary goal is to assess a sample at one specific point in time without trying to make inferences or causal statements.Descriptive Decision Studies of the Societal Impact of Weather and Climate Information. Thomas R. Stewart, Ph.D Director for Research Center for Policy Research.BS provided important guidance with the data collection strategy and analysis of the data and contributed to the discussion section.
Using Case Studies in Research - psyking.netDeductive Approach (Deductive Reasoning) Inductive Approach (Inductive Reasoning) Abductive reasoning (abductive approach).
Data were edited to eliminate or resolve errors, checked for logical inconsistencies, and entered into the database.Unlike qualitative research, descriptive research may be more analytic.
View Article PubMed Google Scholar Zelaya E, Marin FM, Garcia J, Berglund S, Liljestrand J, Persson LA: Gender and social differences in adolescent sexuality and reproduction in Nicaragua.Several interesting gender differences in sexual behaviors are worth noting, with perhaps the most striking being the large difference in reporting of sexual experience.Among all study participants, physical fighting was the highest reported aggression-related variable, with 32.1% reporting to have been in a physical fight within the previous 12 months (Table 1 ).
Descriptive Research - AP Psychology
Based on the potential for differences in risk behavior among students attending the model and regular schools, we incorporated both school types into the sampling design.Although the CDC YRBS also includes questions related to dietary behaviors and physical activity, this survey focused on the five behavioral domains described above based on the principal causes of mortality in El Salvador at the time of the survey (see discussion below) as well as the need to limit the length of the questionnaire.We employed a multi-stage sampling design in which school districts, schools, and classrooms were randomly selected.Chapter 11 Descriptive and interpretive approaches to qualitative research Robert Elliott and Ladislav Timulak Qualitative research methods today are a diverse set.